Lora Kwon

Taxes for Undocumented Immigrants

Immigrants have always been labeled as “other.” In a court of law, they are still called “aliens,” a dehumanizing term that once again separates immigrants from the rest of society. For far too long, immigrants — especially undocumented immigrants — have been considered dangerous, lazy individuals exploiting hardworking Americans to get by. This stereotype may be partially because of the belief that undocumented immigrants do not pay taxes, but this could not be further from the truth.

Hostile Architecture

Hostile architecture, also known as defensive architecture, is the use of architectural elements in public spaces to influence the behavior of living beings and ensure that individuals only use public spaces for their intended purposes. One common example of hostile architecture is placing spikes on trees to prevent birds from resting on the branches and defecating on the cars below. Spikes such as these are also commonly placed on benches to prevent loitering and skating, and many benches themselves are made on an uncomfortable incline to serve the same purpose. By preventing loitering, hostile architecture discourages drug drops and pushes out the homeless (CNN).